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Executive Summary


Study Area




Rock Art

Sociology: Human Component

Living Culture and Creative Cultural Assets

Arts Heritage: A Case Study

Mission History


Botanical Diversity

Endemic Flora

Orchidaceae of the Soutpansberg

Medicinal Plants

River Health and Water Quality

Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)


Spiders (Araneae)



Indigenous Birds


Private Game Reserves and State Reserves

Annex 1: Endemic Flora of the Soutpansberg Down load PDF version


Blepharis spinipes K. Vollesen Blepharis (Acanthaceae) A taxonomic revision: 130 (2000). Type: Vancollers Pass, 1990-6-25, Balkwill 5888 (K, holo.; J, iso.).

Justicia montis-salinarum A. Meeuse in Bothalia 7(2): 407 (1960). Type: Southern entrance of Sandrivierspoort, about 6,4 km north of main road bridge, Meeuse 10 213 (PRE, holo.!).


Rhus magalismontana Sond. subsp. coddii (R. & A. Fernandes) Moffett in Flora of southern Africa 19(3): 57 (1993). Type: Venda, near Sambondou, 40 km north east of Sibasa, alt. 580 m, 20-02-1952, L. E. Codd 6902 (PRE, holo.!).


Duvalia procumbens R. A. Dyer in Flowering Plants of South Africa 31: plate 1218 (1956). Type: Kruger National Park, Pafuri, ridge near Seekoegaat, 16-2-1955, van der Schiff 3618 (PRE, holo.!).

Huernia nouhuysii Verdoorn in Flowering Plants of South Africa 11: t. 412 (1931). Type: Wylie’s Poort, van Nouhuys s.n. PRE 8 757 (PRE, holo.?). Lectotype: Flowering Plants of South Africa 11: plate no. 412 (1931).

Huernia whitesloaneana Nel in Cactus and Succulent Journal of the Cactus and Succulent Society of America 8(1): 9 (1936). Type: Entabeni Forest Station, 1 370 m, June 1935, Nel s.n. (STE).

Orbeanthus conjunctus (White & Sloane) Leach in Excelsa Taxonomic Series no. 1: 73 (1978). Type: Mara, A. H. Crundall Comm. H. Herre; clonotype cult. PRE, A. H. Crundall (PRE).

Stapelia clavicorona Verdoorn in Flowering Plants of Southern Africa 11: plate 407 (1931). Type: Wylie’s Poort, Van Nouhuys s.n. PRE 8 756 (PRE!).

Tylophora coddii Bullock in Flowering Plants of Africa 36: plate 1435 (1964). Type: South end of Wylie’s Poort on dry rocky slopes at 1050 m, January 1954, L. E. Codd 8350 (PRE, holo.!; K, iso.).


Aloe angelica Pole Evans in Flowering Plants of South Africa 14: plate 554 (1934). Type: Wylie’s Poort, 16 June 1932, Pole Evans s.n. sub PRE 13040 (PRE, holo.!).

Aloe petrophila Pillans in South African Gardening & Country Life 23: 213 (1933). Type: Wylie’s Poort, rock-cliffs, flowered in cultivation May 1933, P. R. Frames (PRE !).

Aloe soutpansbergensis Verdoorn in Flowering Plants of Africa 35: plate 1391 (1962). Type: 56 km west of Louis Trichardt, 1942, A. H. Crundall s.n. in PRE 27035 (= PRE 29005) (PRE, holo.!).

Aloe vogtsii Reynolds in Journal of South African Botany 2: 11 (1936). Type: Farm Franzhoek [Clydesdale], 16 km north-east of Louis Trichardt, L.E. Vogts sub. Reynolds 1488 (PRE, holo.!).

Aloe vossii Reynolds in Journal of South African Botany 2: 65 (1936). Type: Farm Schyffontein, 8 km north of Louis Trichardt, fl. 12 February 1936, in Johannesburg, Reynolds 557 (PRE, holo.!).


Dicoma montana Schweickerdt in Kew Bulletin 1935: 207 (1935). Type: Blouberg, on the way to Malabogs Kraal, alt. 1524–1555 m, 9-05-1933, A. C. Leeman 69 (PRE!).

Zoutpansbergia caerulea Hutch. in a Botanist in southern Africa 350 (1946). Type: Crewe Farm, northern slopes of mountains, alt. 1585 m, 23 August 1930, Hutchinson & Gillett 4435 (K, holo.).


Combretum vendae Van Wyk in South African Journal of Botany 3(2): 125–134 (1984). Type: Venda, Vuvha, north-east of Tengwe, near the village Muledzhi, van Wyk 3913 (PRU, holo.!).


Ipomoea bisavium A. Meeuse in Bothalia (1958). Type: Soutpansberg, 3,2 km south of Wylie’s Poort, 02-04-1957, Meeuse 10181 (PRE, holo.!).


Kalanchoe crundallii Verdoorn in Flowering Plants of Africa 25: plate 967 (1946). Type: Lejuma (collected July 1938), (cultivated Pretoria fl. March 1943) Crundall in PRE 27157 (PRE, holo.!).


Euphorbia aeruginosa Schweik. in Kew Bulletin 1935: 205 (1935). Syntype: Farm Zoutpan, on rocky ledge behind homestead, November 1932, Obermeyer, Schweickerdt & Verdoorn 151 (PRE!) & April 1934, Schweickerdt & Verdoorn 688 (PRE!).

Euphorbia rowlandii R. A. Dyer in Bothalia 7(1): 28–29, t. 2 (p. 38) (1958). Type: Kruger National Park, Punda Maria, on sandstone ridges, 12,87-15, 29 km, Rowland Jones 48 (PRE, holo.!).

Euphorbia zoutpansbergensis R. A. Dyer in Flowering Plants of South Africa plate 18: 715 (1938). Type: On rocky slopes at the southern entrance of Wylie’s Poort, Dyer in PRE number 23393 (PRE, holo.!).


Rhynchosia vendae C. H. Stirton in Bothalia 14(1): 76 (1982). Type: Kruger National Park, Punda Maria, van der Schijff 3596 (PRE, holo.!).


Streptocarpus caeruleus Hillard & Burtt Streptocarpus, an African plant study 261 (1971) Type: Blouberg, cult. R. B. G. Edinburgh (collected, 1960, R. Story 6512), C. 3824 (E, holo.; NU! iso.)

Streptocarpus parviflorus Hook. f. subsp. soutpansbergensis Weigend & T. J. Edwards in Sendtnera 2: 369 (1994). Type: Waterpoort, 12 km from Mountain Inn to Bluegumspoort, Stirton 10572 (PRE, holo.).


Delosperma zoutpansbergense L. Bol. in the Journal of South African Botany 25: 372 (1959). Type: Summit of Clouds End, above Mountain Inn, 31 December 1958, flowered April, A.O.D. Mogg (NBG 2/59).

Khadia borealis L. Bol. in Notes on the Mesembryanthemum and allied Genera 3: 6 (1936). Type: Farm Lejuma, Crundall s.n. (BOL, lecto.) & farm Franzhoek, Vogts s.n. BOL 21638 (BOL, paralecto.).


Mystacidium brayboniae Summerh. in Kew Bulletin 1949: 442 (1949). Type: Near Louis Trichardt, 1350 m alt., November 1948, cult. K, Mrs. H. Braybon (K).


Ceratotheca saxicola E. A. Bruce in Bothalia 5(1): 233 (1951).Type: Kruger National Park, 51,5 km north-east of Punda Maria, alt. 304,8 m, in sandstone krantze overlooking the Luvuvhu River, May, Codd 5535 (PRE, holo.!).


Panicum dewinteri J. G. Ander. in Bothalia 9(2): 341 (1967). Type: Lejuma, near Louis Trichardt, 14-02-1967, B. de Winter 6006 (PRE, holo.!).


Pavetta tshikondeni N. Hahn in Bothalia 29(1): 109 (1999) Type: Makhuya Park, Worlds View, 22° 30’ 24,1" south and 31° 01’ 59,6" east, 300 m, 27-01-1997, N. Hahn 1367 (K, holo.!; PRE!, ZPB!, iso.).

Vangueria soutpansbergensis N. Hahn in Bothalia 27(1): 45 (1997). Type: Farm Studholme, 22° 56’ 52,4" south and 30° 01’ 18,8" east, 1440 m, 28-11-1995, (in flower), N. Hahn 1112 (PRU, holo.!; K, PRE, ZPB, iso.).


Encephalartos hirsutus P. J. Hurter South African Journal of Botany 62(1): 46-48 (1996) Type: Venda, 1000 m alt., 7 June 1994 (frond and male cone), P. J. H. Hurter 94R/1 (PRE, holo.!).

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