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A FIRST SYNTHESIS OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL, BIOLOGICAL & CULTURAL ASSETS OF THE SOUTPANSBERG

Executive Summary

Introduction

Study Area

Geology

Climate

Archaeology

Rock Art

Sociology: Human Component

Living Culture and Creative Cultural Assets

Arts Heritage: A Case Study

Mission History

Vegetation

Botanical Diversity

Endemic Flora

Orchidaceae of the Soutpansberg

Medicinal Plants

River Health and Water Quality

Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)

Dragonflies

Spiders (Araneae)

Fishes

Reptiles

Indigenous Birds

Mammals

Private Game Reserves and State Reserves

Annex 1: List of dragonfly species known from the Soutpansberg Down load PDF version

Order ODONATA

Suborder Zygoptera (Damselflies)

Family Calopterygidae Demoiselles

Phaon iridipennis Glistening Demoiselle

Family Chlorocyphidae Jewels

Platycypha caligata Dancing Jewel

Family Synlestidae Malachites

Chlorolestes elegans Elegant Malachite

Chlorolestes fasciatus Mountain Malachite

Family Lestidae Spreadwings

Lestes plagiatus Highland Spreadwing

Lestes virgatus Smoky Spreadwing

Family Protoneuridae Pinflies

Elattoneura glauca Common Threadtail

Family Platycnemididae Stream-Damsels

Allocnemis leucosticta Goldtail

Family Coenagrionidae Sprites

Ceriagrion glabrum Common Orange

Pseudagrion commoniae nigerrimum Black Sprite

Pseudagrion hageni Hagen’s Sprite

Pseudagrion hamoni Hamon’s Sprite

Pseudagrion kersteni Kersten’s Sprite

Pseudagrion makabusiense Makabusi Sprite

Pseudagrion massaicum Masai Sprite

Pseudagrion salisburyense Salisbury Sprite

Pseudagrion spernatum Natal Sprite

Pseudagrion sublacteum Cherry-Eye Sprite

Ischnura senegalensis Bluetail

Africallagma glaucum Swamp Bluet

Agriocnemis exilis Little Whisp

Suborder Anisoptera (Dragonflies)

Family Gomphidae Clubtails

Ictinogomphus ferox Tigertail

Ceratogomphus pictus Common Thorntail

Paragomphus cognatus Rock Hooktail

Paragomphus elpidius Corkscrew Hooktail

Paragomphus genei Green Hooktail

Family Aeshnidae Hawkers

Aeshna elioti Eliot’s Hawker

Aeshna subpupillata Stream Hawker

Anax ephippiger Vagrant Emperor

Anax imperator Blue Emperor

Anax speratus Orange Emperor

Family Cordulidae Emeralds

Phylloacromia picta Darting Cruiser

Family Llibellulidae Skimmers

Orthetrum abbotti Abbott’s Skimmer

Orthetrum chrysostigma Epaulet Skimmer

Orthetrum julia Julia Skimmer

Orthetrum machadoi Machado’s Skimmer

Orthetrum trinacria Long Skimmer

Nesciothemis farinosa Black-Tailed Skimmer

Palpopleura jucunda Yellow-Veined Widow

Palpopleura lucia St Lucia Widow

Crocothemis erythraea Broad Scarlet

Crocothemis sanguinolenta Little Scarlet

Brachythemis leucosticta Banded Groundling

Sympetrum fonscolombii Nomad

Trithemis arteriosa Red-Veined Dropwing

Trithemis donaldsoni Donaldson’s Dropwing

Trithemis furva Navy Dropwing

Trithemis kirbyi ardens Kirby’s Dropwing

Trithemis pluvialis River Dropwing

Trithemis stictica Jaunty Dropwing

Zygonyx natalensis Blue Cascader

Zygonyx torridus Ringed Cascader

Tramea basilare Keyhole Glider

Copyright: Soutpansberg—Limpopo Biosphere Initiative